Table of Contents
Author(s): Philippe Ndikubwimana, Jean Bosco Ndikubwimana, Eugene Muvunyi, and Jean Claude Ndibwirende
Africa is a continent that is changing rapidly. Since 2000, Africa’s economies have been growing of five per cent at an average annual rate. The African’s population is expected to grow by fifty per cent over the next twenty years, to 1.56 billion. The working-age population is expected to reach 1.4 billion by 2050.Despite Africa’s relatively strong economic development performance over the previous years, different nations in the continent are facing several development challenges ranging from food insecurity, high unemployment rate, poverty and social inequality. There is also the problem of, increased market volatility, slow growth of economies, and lack of economic transformation, environmental degradation, and low incorporation of the Africa continent in inclusive economy. To overcome these challenges, Africa countries have to work together towards an inclusive economic and social development and environmental sustainability by building sustained strong policies, strategies and institutions. A sustainable development is development which meets the needs of the present without compromising the capacity of coming generations to increase their own needs. This paper aims to tackle the root causes of these challenges for a sustainable future development; it intends to review the existing challenges facing the African continent, proposes solutions and gives recommendations.