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Author(s): Steven H. Appelbaum, Ph.D. ;Zakaria Oulbacha, M.Sc.A. and MBA; Barbara T. Shapiro, M.S.S.
The purpose of this article is to investigate the mediating role of human resource management to enhance organizational performance. A thorough review of scholarly articles and empirical evidence was conducted in order to bring to light the current and mediating role of human resource management in enhancing organizational performance. Even though the majority of scholars advocate that HRM practices have a direct and often positive impact on organizational performance, there is another stream of scholars who argue that HRM practices may have no impact, or at best an indirect effect on organizational performance. This article attempts to gather the obtained published empirical material, and clarify of the various views and findings formalized thus far including conclusions and recommendations for this critical issue.